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How Dominican Republic became a country

The Dominican Republic is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two sovereign states. The Dominican Republic is the second-largest Caribbean nation by area (after Cuba) at 48,445 square kilometers (18,705 sq mi), and third by population with 10 million people, of which approximately three million live in the metropolitan area of Santo Domingo, the capital city.

The Dominican Republic’s history began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus on December 5, 1492, during his first voyage of exploration. Columbus claimed the island for Spain and named it “La Española”, which evolved into the modern name “Hispaniola”.

In the hundreds of years following Columbus’ initial landing, the indigenous Taíno people were gradually replaced by Spanish settlers. In the early 1600s, the French established their own colony on the western side of the island. By the early 1800s, the French and Spanish colonies were locked in a bitter struggle for control of the island.

In 1821, the Haitians, who had overthrown their French colonial masters, invaded and conquered the Spanish side of Hispaniola. The new nation was renamed Haiti. However, the Haitians were unable to maintain control over the entire island, and in 1844 the Dominican Republic declared its independence.

The Dominican Republic has been a country beset by political turmoil and dictatorships for much of its history. In the 1930s, the country was ruled by the brutal dictator Rafael Trujillo. In 1961, Trujillo was assassinated, and the country finally began to move towards democracy.

In 1965, the United States invaded the Dominican Republic to restore order after a period of political turmoil. The US military remained in the country until 1966.

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the country was again racked by political violence and turmoil. In 1986, the democratically-elected president, Joaquín Balaguer, was re-elected to office. Balaguer remained in power for 12 years, until he was defeated in the 1996 elections.

Since then, the Dominican Republic has been a relatively stable democracy, with a rapidly growing economy. In 2004, the country

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